FV function

FV, one of the financial functions, calculates the future value of an investment based on a constant interest rate. You can use FV with either periodic, constant payments, or a single lump sum payment.

Excel Formula Coach

Use the Excel Formula Coach to find the future value of a series of payments. At the same time, you’ll learn how to use the FV function in a formula.

Or, use the Excel Formula Coach to find the future value of a single, lump sum payment.

Syntax

FV(rate,nper,pmt,[pv],[type])

For a more complete description of the arguments in FV and for more information on annuity functions, see PV.

The FV function syntax has the following arguments:

  • Rate    Required. The interest rate per period.
  • Nper    Required. The total number of payment periods in an annuity.
  • Pmt    Required. The payment made each period; it cannot change over the life of the annuity. Typically, pmt contains principal and interest but no other fees or taxes. If pmt is omitted, you must include the pv argument.
  • Pv    Optional. The present value, or the lump-sum amount that a series of future payments is worth right now. If pv is omitted, it is assumed to be 0 (zero), and you must include the pmt argument.
  • Type    Optional. The number 0 or 1 and indicates when payments are due. If type is omitted, it is assumed to be 0.
Set type equal toIf payments are due
0At the end of the period
1At the beginning of the period

Remarks

  • Make sure that you are consistent about the units you use for specifying rate and nper. If you make monthly payments on a four-year loan at 12 percent annual interest, use 12%/12 for rate and 4*12 for nper. If you make annual payments on the same loan, use 12% for rate and 4 for nper.
  • For all the arguments, cash you pay out, such as deposits to savings, is represented by negative numbers; cash you receive, such as dividend checks, is represented by positive numbers.

Examples

Copy the example data in the following table, and paste it in cell A1 of a new Excel worksheet. For formulas to show results, select them, press F2, and then press Enter. If you need to, you can adjust the column widths to see all the data.

DataDescription
0.06Annual interest rate
10Number of payments
-200Amount of the payment
-500Present value
1Payment is due at the beginning of the period (0 indicates payment is due at end of period)
FormulaDescriptionResult
=FV(A2/12, A3, A4, A5, A6)Future value of an investment using the terms in A2:A5.$2,581.40

Example 2

DataDescription
0.12Annual interest rate
12Number of payments
-1000Amount of the payment
FormulaDescriptionResult
=FV(A2/12, A3, A4)Future value of an investment using the terms in A2:A4.$12,682.50

Example 3

DataDescription
0.11Annual interest rate
35Number of payments
-2000Amount of the payment
1Payment is due at the beginning of the year (0 indicates end of year)
FormulaDescriptionResult
=FV(A2/12, A3, A4,, A5)Future value of an investment with the terms in cells A2:A4$82,846.25

Example 4

DataDescription
0.06Annual interest rate
12Number of payments
-100Amount of the payment
-1000Present value
1Payment is due at the beginning of the year (0 indicates end of year)
FormulaDescriptionResult
=FV(A2/12, A3, A4, A5, A6)Future value of an investment using the terms in A2:A5.$2,301.40

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