This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the NPER function in Microsoft Excel.
Returns the number of periods for an investment based on periodic, constant payments and a constant interest rate.
For a more complete description of the arguments in NPER and for more information about annuity functions, see PV.
The NPER function syntax has the following arguments:
- Rate Required. The interest rate per period.
- Pmt Required. The payment made each period; it cannot change over the life of the annuity. Typically, pmt contains principal and interest but no other fees or taxes.
- Pv Required. The present value, or the lump-sum amount that a series of future payments is worth right now.
- Fv Optional. The future value, or a cash balance you want to attain after the last payment is made. If fv is omitted, it is assumed to be 0 (the future value of a loan, for example, is 0).
- Type Optional. The number 0 or 1 and indicates when payments are due.
|Set type equal to||If payments are due|
|0 or omitted||At the end of the period|
|1||At the beginning of the period|
Copy the example data in the following table, and paste it in cell A1 of a new Excel worksheet. For formulas to show results, select them, press F2, and then press Enter. If you need to, you can adjust the column widths to see all the data.
|0.12||Annual interest rate|
|-100||Payment made each period|
|1||Payment is due at the beginning of the period (see above)|
|=NPER(A2/12, A3, A4, A5, 1)||Periods for the investment with the above terms||59.6738657|
|=NPER(A2/12, A3, A4, A5)||Periods for the investment with the above terms, except payments are made at the beginning of the period||60.0821229|
|=NPER(A2/12, A3, A4)||Periods for the investment with the above terms, except with a future value of 0||-9.57859404|