This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the **SECOND** function in Microsoft Excel.

## Description

Returns the seconds of a time value. The second is given as an integer in the range 0 (zero) to 59.

## Syntax

SECOND(serial_number)

The SECOND function syntax has the following arguments:

**Serial_number**Required. The time that contains the seconds you want to find. Times may be entered as text strings within quotation marks (for example, “6:45 PM”), as decimal numbers (for example, 0.78125, which represents 6:45 PM), or as results of other formulas or functions (for example, TIMEVALUE(“6:45 PM”)).

## Remark

Time values are a portion of a date value and represented by a decimal number (for example, 12:00 PM is represented as 0.5 because it is half of a day).

## Example

Copy the example data in the following table, and paste it in cell A1 of a new Excel worksheet. For formulas to show results, select them, press F2, and then press Enter. If you need to, you can adjust the column widths to see all the data.

Data | ||
---|---|---|

Time | ||

4:48:18 PM | ||

4:48 PM | ||

Formula | Description | Result |

=SECOND(A3) | Seconds in the first time (18) | 18 |

=SECOND(A4) | Seconds in the second time (0) | 0 |